There are some people that just have a propensity and a desire to commit crime, of which, individuals that commit crime in America, especially those without the adequate funds to afford a dedicated attorney, suffer greatly for their crimes, of which, those that commit property crimes, such as ordinary theft and larceny, can lead to them serving incarceration terms of five years, or even more, depending upon the severity and their prior record. On the other hand, when corporations essentially commit theft by cheating consumers out of what a given product is supposed to do and represent, or by circumventing financial or environmental law, they aren't going to be doing any time, though, they might pay a civil fine if the act is especially egregious and pursued.
In point of fact, while it would be an extremely unusual corporation that actually deliberately and by premeditation targeted and killed a given individual, most of the crimes that people commit, corporations also commit, except on an entirely different level. For instance, if you unjustifiably shoot someone dead, that is murder, and the only question is whether it is 1st degree murder or 2nd degree murder. Whereas, if you disgorge noxious chemicals from your factory so that they pollute the drinking waters in a community, that leads to a significant increase in the amount of cancers, and thereby the death rate skyrockets of those suffering from that cancer, that isn't ever going to be charged as any degree of murder, though it might be charged as an environment violation, and a monetary fine might be so imposed. So too, when a corporation opens up fraudulent accounts for people, or overcharges customers on penalties or overdraft fees, or racially profiles their customer base, or foreclosures on mortgages without proper due notice, all of these activities will not result in any criminal charges, but may be subject to a monetary fine, and a promise to do better, if that.
Again, and again, it can and should be said, if you want to collude and price fix with others, you don't do that as an individual, you do that as a corporation. If you want to pollute, you don't do that as an individual, you do that as a corporation. If you want to break up organized labor activity, you don't do that as an individual, you do that as a corporation. If you want to bribe foreign governments or foreign entities, you don't do that as an individual, you do that as a corporation. If you want to cheat the IRS with a fraudulent tax return, you don't do that as an individual, you do that as a corporation. If you want to stock trade on inside information, you don't do that as an individual, you do that as a corporation.
The thing about corporations is that they can be and are huge, of which, corporations such as Walmart has over 2.3 million employees and Walmart on a yearly basis does $500 billion worth of business. A company of that size, layers, and complexity, will make it nearly impossible to charge Walmart or any other large corporation, with any criminal offense; though they may be liable to civil charges, but even those charges are a tall mountain for the government to pursue because large corporations can procure the best lobbyists, the best lawyers, the best publicists, and the best deals, so that unless the government pursuing the lawsuit is adamant about it, the prosecutorial agreement that both sides will come to agreement to, is going to be the cost of doing business for that corporation, and typically nothing much more than that.
The great thing about being a corporate criminal is that even if you get caught, in virtually every case, with a couple of small notable exceptions, you will never personally do time; so that, worse case, is that the corporation just needs to pay a fine and perhaps amend some of its business practices, but not so much that the corporation can't essentially keep on doing what it has been doing, making money, however it best sees fit.