Upon the election of Abraham Lincoln, the South did not waste a moment, in deciding that because it had not been victorious at the ballot box that they would make it their point to assert themselves as free, independent, and sovereign States, in the hopes that the rest of the union of States, would simply allow them to either become their own confederacy of States and thereby to leave the union, peacefully, or would after arms have been taken up and blood spilled, begrudgingly allow the confederacy to leave in recognition, that civil war between the industrial North and the plantation South, really wasn't necessary, as these were two distinctly separate nations, best left severed, then united.
The South, though, in their haste and hurry to leave the union of the States, did not clearly think their actions out and when the first shots of what was to become the Civil War came from the Southern side, the South was to find to their dismay, that the North did not believe that those that have lost a fair democratic election through the ballot box had the right to make war against the democratically elected leaders of this nation, and so, the Civil War, was fought, until one side, the South, was defeated.
This war, itself, was primarily fought by the South, not in actuality to defend its honor or to assert their State's rights, but rather at the instigation of the richest Americans, residing in the South, in order to protect their very highly valued property (slaves). We find that as reported by theatlantic.com, "…by 1860, there were more millionaires (slaveholders all) living in the lower Mississippi Valley than anywhere else in the United States. In the same year, the nearly 4 million American slaves were worth some $3.5 billion, making them the largest single financial asset in the entire U.S. economy, worth more than all manufacturing and railroads combined."
All of the above, signifies that those richest Americans living in the South, and deriving their income from their plantations, of which the masses of those laboring upon those plantations, were typically held in bondage, did not wish to entertain even the possibility of having that wealth impacted by a newly elected President as well as legislators, that clearly did not favor the institution of slavery. This meant, that the wealth of the South, held in the hands of the very few, as well as the political powers of the South, held or controlled by those very same hands, were intent to see that by all means necessary, they would defend their property and instigate war now, in hopes of becoming their own independent and sovereign nation, in the recognition that the South's economic system and wealth as currently structured, could not and would not be able to maintain its status, without the continuation of the slave system which was the foundation of that wealth.
This thus signified, that the Civil war was not started by the general uprising of the common people of the South, but instead, such was clearly started by the plotting and deliberation of those wealthy and powerful entities of the South, that would not sacrifice their wealth, and therefore would rather die or have the people that depended upon them for their employment and livelihood to die in their place in order to defend their valued institution, of slavery, which was the basis of their wealth. This meant that the Southern desire to fight in the Civil War, that cost the lives of hundreds of thousands, as well as the wasted resources of millions upon millions of dollars, was a fight by the very richest of the South, to protect as well as to hopefully augment their wealth, because money meant more to them than liberty, justice, or respecting their country, the United States.